Daniel Lerch is Education & Publications Director of Post Carbon Institute, responsible for PCI’s educational efforts on community resilience and energy resource constraints. He is the author of Post Carbon Cities: Planning for Energy and Climate Uncertainty (2007)—the first major local government guidebook on the end of cheap oil—and was the founding chair of the Sustainable Communities Division of the American Planning Association and a founding codirector of the City Repair Project. Lerch has delivered more than one hundred presentations to audiences across the United States and abroad and has been interviewed for numerous media outlets. He has worked with urban sustainability issues for more than twenty years in the public, private, and nonprofit sectors.
Authors are listed by chapter.
Chapter 1: Six Foundations for Building Community Resilience
Chapter 1: Six Foundations for Building Community Resilience
Chapter 2: The Environmental Crisis
Leena Iyengar is director of Tune Into Earth, a sustainability consulting firm based in Geneva, Switzerland. She has worked for more than fifteen years in environmental management, conservation, and sustainability with national governments and nongovernmental organizations, including the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Global Footprint Network, and the United Kingdom’s Natural Resources Institute. Much of her work has involved assisting scientists and technical teams in developing communication material for environmental organizations and outreach campaigns. Iyengar helped develop and coordinate the United Arab Emirates’ Ecological Footprint Initiative and was lead editor and project manager of the WWF’s flagship publication, Living Planet Report 2014.
Chapter 3: The Energy Crisis
Richard Heinberg is senior fellow of Post Carbon Institute and is regarded as one of the world’s foremost advocates for a shift away from our current reliance on fossil fuels. He is the author of thirteen books, including some of the seminal works on society’s current energy and environmental sustainability crisis. His writing has appeared in such publications as Nature, Wall Street Journal, American Prospect, and Yes! magazine, and he has been quoted and interviewed countless times for print, radio, and television. Heinberg has delivered hundreds of lectures to audiences in fourteen countries, from local city councils to members of the European Parliament, and has appeared in many documentaries, including Leonardo DiCaprio’s 11th Hour.
Chapter 4: The Economic Crisis
Joshua Farley is a fellow at the Gund Institute for Ecological Economics and professor of community development and applied economics at the University of Vermont. He is coauthor with Herman Daly of Ecological Economics: Principles and Applications (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2003; 2nd ed., 2010), which helped define the then-emerging field of ecological economics. His broad research interests focus on the design of economic institutions capable of balancing what is biophysically possible with what is socially, psychologically, and ethically desirable. He has previously served as the executive director of the University of Maryland’s International Institute for Ecological Economics. Farley is a fellow of Post Carbon Institute.
Chapter 5: The Equity Crisis
Sarah Byrnes is the public housing training program manager at the Mel King Institute in Boston, where she works with residents of public housing and their advocates to enhance participation in the oversight of their housing developments. Previously, she worked at the Institute for Policy Studies, where she founded the New England Resilience and Transition Network and was one of the leaders of the Jamaica Plain New Economy Transition initiative. Byrnes has collaborated with many grassroots groups around the United States to build community and enhance resilience. She has degrees from Boston College and Harvard Divinity School and lives in the Roslindale neighborhood in Boston, where she is a leader in the grassroots group Roslindale Is for Everyone (RISE).
Chuck Collins is a senior scholar at the Institute for Policy Studies where he coedits Inequality.org. His newest book is Born on Third Base: A One Percenter Makes the Case for Tackling Inequality, Bringing Wealth Home, and Committing to the Common Good (White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green, 2016). He is coauthor, with Bill Gates Sr., of Wealth and Our Commonwealth: Why America Should Tax Accumulated Fortunes. His previous books include 99 to 1: How Wealth Inequality Is Wrecking the World and What We Can Do About It. He is cofounder of the Jamaica Plain New Economy Transition, a local Transition movement initiative working to build community resilience. He is a father, cyclist, gardener, part-time Vermonter, and anti–fossil fuel activist who mostly lives in Boston. Collins is a board member of Post Carbon Institute.
Chapter 6: The Roots of Our Crises
William Rees is the originator and codeveloper of ecological footprint analysis. A human ecologist and ecological economist, he is professor emeritus and former director of the University of British Columbia’s School of Community and Regional Planning in Vancouver, Canada. Rees has authored or coauthored more than 150 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters as well as numerous popular articles on humanity’s (un)sustainability conundrum. Active across disciplines, Rees is a long-term member of the Global Ecological Integrity Group, a founding member and past president of the Canadian Society for Ecological Economics, and founding director of the OneEarth Initiative. In 2006, he was elected to the Royal Society of Canada, and in 2007, he was awarded a prestigious Trudeau Foundation Fellowship. He is the recipient of both the 2012 Boulding Prize in Ecological Economics and a 2012 Blue Planet Prize. Rees is a fellow of Post Carbon Institute.
Chapter 7: Systems Literacy
Howard Silverman teaches applied systems thinking in the collaborative design master’s of fine arts program at Pacific Northwest College of Art. Specializing in hands-on workshops that elicit critical and creative thinking through the use of systems and design techniques, he has taught in innovative undergraduate and graduate programs around the United States. Formerly, he was senior writer and analyst with the Portland, Oregon, nonprofit organization Ecotrust, where he worked in numerous areas (food systems, fisheries and forestry, green building, climate and energy) and learned from the use of numerous approaches (scenario planning, spatial planning, market design, life cycle assessment, participatory processes). He is a partner in the scenarios, research, and design consultancy Pattern Labs and writes at solvingforpattern.org.
Chapter 8: A Crash Course in the Science of Sustainability
Margaret Robertson, ASLA, teaches at Lane Community College in Eugene, Oregon, where she coordinates the sustainability degree program. She is the author of Sustainability Principles and Practice (London: Routledge, 2nd ed., 2017), and Dictionary of Sustainability (London: Routledge, 2017).
Chapter 9: A Crash Course in the Science of Resilience
Brian Walker has been one of the leading proponents of resilience theory and practice in the past two decades. He is currently an honorary fellow at Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australian National University visiting professor, and a fellow in the International Beijer Institute for Ecological Economics in Sweden. Walker was chief of Australia’s CSIRO Wildlife and Ecology (1985–1999), chaired the Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems Project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (1990–1997), and was director of the international Resilience Alliance (2000–2010). He is a fellow of the Australian Academy of Science and of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering and a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry. He has a long list of scientific publications and has served on the editorial boards of five international journals. With David Salt, Walker coauthored Resilience Thinking (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2006) and Resilience Practice (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2012).
David Salt has been writing about science, scientists, and the environment for much of the last three decades. He created and then produced The Helix (Australia’s best-loved science magazine for young people) for more than a decade, served as communications manager for the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Division of Wildlife and Ecology, and was the inaugural editor of an Australian version of the popular science magazine Newton. More recently, Salt has written and edited books on farm forestry and agri-environment policy. He currently edits two research magazines, Decision Point and Science for Saving Species, and is based in Canberra at the Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions at the Australian National University. With Brian Walker, Salt coauthored Resilience Thinking (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2006) and Resilience Practice (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2012).
Chapter 10: Pulling It All Together
Stephanie Mills is an author, lecturer, and longtime bioregionalist. Her books include Epicurean Simplicity, On Gandhi’s Path, and In Service of the Wild. Since 1969, Mills has written prolifically; spoken widely; edited periodicals; kept a salon; participated in countless local, national, and international conferences; and served on the boards and advisory committees of dozens of ecologically oriented organizations. Since 1984, she has lived in Northwest Lower Michigan where, along with ongoing writing and public speaking, she helped organize Great Lakes Bioregional Congresses, build her dwelling, and start a local currency. More recently, Mills was awarded an honorary doctorate by her alma mater, featured in the PBS documentary Earth Days, and received an Arthur Morgan Award from Community Solutions. She is an elder of the Human Nature School and a member of the Neahtawanta Research and Education Center board. Mills is a fellow of Post Carbon Institute.
Chapter 11: Energy Democracy
Denise Fairchild is president and chief executive officer of Emerald Cities Collaborative, a national nonprofit organization of business, labor, and community groups dedicated to climate resilience strategies that produce environmental, economic, and equity outcomes. She and Al Weinrub are coeditors of Energy Democracy: Advancing Equity in Clean Energy Solutions (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2017).
Al Weinrub is coordinator of the Local Clean Energy Alliance (LCEA), the San Francisco Bay Area’s largest clean energy coalition. The LCEA promotes the equitable development and democratization of local renewable energy resources as key to addressing climate change and building sustainable and resilient communities. He and Denise Fairchild are coeditors of Energy Democracy: Advancing Equity in Clean Energy Solutions (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2017).
Chapter 12: Building Community Resilience at the Water’s Edge
Rebecca Wodder is a nationally known environmental leader whose conservation career began with the first Earth Day. As president of the national advocacy organization American Rivers from 1995 to 2011, she led the development of community-based solutions to freshwater challenges. From 2011 to 2013, she served as senior advisor to the US secretary of the interior. Previously, she was vice president of the Wilderness Society and legislative assistant to Senator Gaylord Nelson. In 2010, she was named a Top 25 Outstanding Conservationist by Outdoor Life magazine. In 2014, she received the James Compton Award from River Network. In her writing and speaking, Wodder explores how communities can enhance their resilience to climate impacts via sustainable, equitable approaches to rivers and freshwater resources. She serves on the boards of River Network, the Potomac Conservancy, and the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Chapter 13: Food System Lessons from Vermont
Scott Sawyer is sustainability director at the Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fund and the lead author, editor, and designer of Vermont’s Farm to Plate Strategic Plan. His work has included researching, analyzing, writing, editing, evaluating, and designing for a variety of renewable energy, forest products, and food system projects and programs, including Vermont’s Farm to Plate Initiative, the Community Energy Dashboard, the Renewable Energy Atlas, and the Vermont Bioenergy Initiative. Sawyer has a PhD in sociology from Washington State University, where his dissertation was titled “The Politics of Reliability: A Sociological Examination of the State of Vermont’s Response to Peak Oil and Climate Change.”
Chapter 14: Learning Our Way toward Resilience
William Throop is professor of philosophy and environmental studies and director of the environmental studies program at Green Mountain College. He was provost at Green Mountain College for twelve years, during which time he helped build the sustainability focus of the college and led the creation of its graduate programs. At the national level, he served on the board of directors of the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE) for six years and as board chair for his last two years. He has also served on the editorial boards of Restoration Ecology and Environmental Ethics. His PhD work at Brown University focused on philosophy of science and epistemology, but his recent publications have been on ethical issues in ecological restoration and sustainability education. He is currently working on a book project titled Flourishing amid the Age of Climate Change: Finding the Heart of Sustainability.
Chapter 15: Beyond Waste
Rosemary Cooper has been helping communities, nonprofit organizations, and professionals strategically advance their efforts in sustainable community planning, green economic development, next-generation transportation, and sustainable consumption for more than 20 years. She is currently a senior associate with One Earth, a “think and do tank” cofounded by Bill Rees whose mission is to transform consumption and production systems so that they are healthy and just within Earth’s finite limits. Cooper coauthored the 2015 Local Governments and the Sharing Economy Roadmap and was a signatory to the breakthrough 2014 Eugene Memorandum: The Role of Cities in Advancing Sustainable Consumption. She teaches sustainable consumption at the British Columbia Institute of Technology in Vancouver and is passionate about advancing consumption and production innovations that foster lasting prosperity. Cooper has a master’s degree in environmental studies (planning) from York University and a certificate in urban design from Simon Fraser University.
Chapter 16: Resilient Streets, Resilient Cities
Mike Lydon is a principal of the Street Plans Collaborative, an international award-winning planning, design, and research-advocacy firm based in Miami, New York City, and San Francisco. With Tony Garcia, he is the recipient of the 2017 Seaside Prize and coauthor of Tactical Urbanism: Short-Term Action for Long-term Change (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2015), named by Planetizen as one of the top ten planning books of the year. He received a master’s degree in urban planning from the University of Michigan and lives in Brooklyn, New York.
Chapter 17: Built Environment
Bonus Chapter: Power, Power, Democracy, and the Commons
Ernest Yanarella is a Professor in the Political Science Department at the University of Kentucky. His primary teaching and research interests include critical policy studies of the energy and environment, agricultural and ecological policy, and national security and arms control. His most recent research grants have involved him in field work on issues of political economy, labor, and sustainable cities in Canada. Yanarella is the author of The Cross, the Plow and the Skyline: Contemporary Science Fiction and the Ecological Imagination (2001).
Richard Levine is an environmental architect, solar energy and sustainability pioneer, and professor emeritus at the University of Kentucky. He was an early solar architecture innovator in the U.S. and his sustainable city research has been the foundation of urban development projects in China, the Middle East, Austria, Italy, and the United States. In 2010 Levine was named “Passive Solar Pioneer” by the American Solar Energy Society to honor his lifetime achievements in solar design.
Yanarella and Levine co-founded the Center for Sustainable Cities at the University of Kentucky, to study and advance the theory of sustainability. They are co-authors of The City as Fulcrum of Global Sustainability (2011).
Chapter 18: Conclusion
Asher Miller is executive director of Post Carbon Institute. Previously, he served as partnership director at Plugged In, international production coordinator at Steven Spielberg’s Shoah Foundation, ghostwriter for a Holocaust survivor, and consultant for a number of other nonprofit groups. He currently serves on the board of Transition US, the hub of the Transition movement in the United States.